What Do Coyotes Eat | Diet And Food Of The Ghost Of The City

What do coyotes eat isn’t it an interesting question….? In this post, I will cover all the diet process of these creatures, whom I called The Ghost Of The City. Eating is necessary for every living entity on this planet, so is for a coyote also.

Having both qualities of getting food, it is a hunter and a scavenger both. Besides that, it can be active at any time for getting the food either by killing other small and medium-size animals or by picking food from the nearby areas.

What Do Coyotes Eat

The diet of coyotes is contained by several types of food. Let us introduce you to this amazing fact that it is an opportunistic feeder and likes to consume a variety of foods. For instance: meat, carrion (dead animals), fruit and vegetables.

A graduate student, Paul Morey, analyzed scat contents at different locations within our area of studies. He examined 1,429 scats and found those diet items varied across space and time, which reflects the flexible food habits of coyotes.

The Frequency Of Nutriment Items In The Diets Of Coyotes In Cook County:-

What do coyotes eat graph


When he noted his outcomes the most common food items were small rodents (42 %)and fruit (23%). The deer (22%), and rabbit (18%). (Scats often have more than one diet item; therefore, frequencies do not necessarily add up to 100%.). Many other items occurred at lower frequencies as you can see in the table.

Voles were found the most common small rodent in the diet. Domestic cats were found in only 1.3% in scats. Human-related food like garbage and pet food was found in only 1.9% of scats. Barely the majority of coyotes in our study area do not rely on the pet or garbage merely.

Do Coyotes Eat Deer?

Most of us think that coyotes brutally kill and eat deer. According to research on stomach samples of coyotes conducted by “Shippensburg University”, coyotes do indeed eat deer more than anything else. But this isn’t the entire truth.


You will be wonderful after knowing this interesting fact that coyotes are usually blamed for preying dismally on deer, and their scat mostly does contain deer hair, but the studies have shown that most (92% in one study) of the deer ingested by them are scavenged after being killed by vehicles or having died as a result of other injuries and incidents.

A large percentage of the deer that are killed by coyotes have severe pre-existing injuries and would likely have died from them had they not been preyed upon by coyotes.

What Do Coyotes Eat In The Desert?

In a desert, coyotes eat the food which is available there and they know how to survive the desolate place. They are omnivores that mean they will eat or try to eat anything to be alive. In fact, they are an amazing traveller. Coyotes can travel so long in the desert for food and find their pack.


When they are in a desert they switch their diet most often with a change in the season. In the desert, they tend towards feeding of Cactus fruit, mesquite beans, flowers, insects, rodents, lizards, and snakes that they like to eat the most.

What Do Coyotes Eat In The Wild?

In the wild, there is plenty of food available for coyotes but it isn’t that much simpler to get it because they have many competitors who look for the same food. In spring, coyotes prey mostly on small mammals (fox, rodents, rabbits, mice, and voles) and eat wild berries, birds, amphibians, grasshoppers and deer fawns. Coyotes howl usually when they down the prey.


Coyotes eat any small animals they can catch which includes mice, rats, gophers, mountain beavers, rabbits, and squirrels, also snakes, lizards, frogs, fish, birds, and animal carcasses. Besides that when there are summer and fall they can eat Grass, fruits, and berries as well. They are really a master of hunting. The hunting techniques of coyotes are really amazing.

If we talk about the rival of coyotes, there are many but a wolf is one of the strong opponents of the coyote. Who preys on the same food on which coyote does in the wild but this creature with small legs is very crafty and knows how to reach up to its food.

What Do Coyotes Eat In The Winters?

In winter, the food that they eat consists mainly of rabbits, Deer, and hares, when the snow is so deep that the deer’s mobility is restricted.


When winter arrives, insects aren’t around and rodents are hidden by snow. Coyotes become more dependent upon carrion, particularly white-tailed deer. Coyotes sleep during the day and hunt in the moonlight.

It takes a considerable amount of energy for a coyote to kill a deer, especially when there is no snow on the ground.

There’s a lot of dead deer lying along the roadsides and in the woods can be found during the winter months which they eat.

What Do Urban Coyotes Eat?

Many of us believe that urban coyotes primarily eat garbage and pets. although they are predators, and opportunistic, so they shift their diets to take advantage of the most available prey.


Through necropsy (post-mortem evaluations), investigation of scat, visual observation, and high-tech science, it seems the majority of coyotes in our study area do NOT, in fact, rely on pets or garbage for their diets.

Urban coyotes are those species that reside in North American metropolitan areas. They thrive in suburban settings and also even in some urban regions, because of the existence of food easily and the lack of predators and competitors.

These are opportunistic carnivores – whatever is available and relatively easy to find and/or catch, coyotes will eat.

Coyotes frequent neighborhoods, harmonizing humans with food sources such as garbage and domestic pets.  Pets and pet food can be kept inside to prompt coyotes to hunt in other places.  If possible, landscaping can be shifted to disparage the reproduction of rabbits and rodents, animals that coyotes commonly hunt.

Let us know in the comment section if this article what do coyotes eat is helpful for you. You can also share your incident with a coyote or you know anything about its eating habits.


  1. phaser February 3, 2019
    • Sunil Dogra February 4, 2019

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